Has land use pushed terrestrial biodiversity beyond the planetary boundary? A global assessment

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10141/620703
Title:
Has land use pushed terrestrial biodiversity beyond the planetary boundary? A global assessment
Authors:
Newbold, T; Hudson, L ( 0000-0003-4072-7469 ) ; Arnell, AP; Contu, S; De Palma, A ( 0000-0002-5345-4917 ) ; Ferrier, S; Hill, SLL; Hoskins, AJ; Lysenko, I; Phillips, HRP ( 0000-0002-7435-5934 ) ; Burton, VJ ( 0000-0003-0122-3292 ) ; Chng, CWT ( 0000-0003-3854-9392 ) ; Emerson, S; Gao, D; Pask-Hale, G; Hutton, J; Jung, M; Sanchez-Ortiz, K; Simmons, B; Whitmee, S; Zhang, H; Scharlemann, JPW; Purvis, A ( 0000-0002-8609-6204 )
Citation:
Newbold, T., L. N. Hudson, et al. (2016). "Has land use pushed terrestrial biodiversity beyond the planetary boundary? A global assessment." Science 353(6296): 288-291. The planetary boundaries framework attempts to set limits for biodiversity loss within which ecological function is relatively unaffected. Newbold et al. present a quantitative global analysis of the extent to which the proposed planetary boundary has been crossed (see the Perspective by Oliver). Using over 2 million records for nearly 40,000 terrestrial species, they modeled the response of biodiversity to land use and related pressures and then estimated, at a spatial resolution of ∼1 km2, the extent and spatial patterns of changes in local biodiversity. Across 65% of the terrestrial surface, land use and related pressures have caused biotic intactness to decline beyond 10%, the proposed “safe” planetary boundary. Changes have been most pronounced in grassland biomes and biodiversity hotspots.Science, this issue p. 288; see also p. 220Land use and related pressures have reduced local terrestrial biodiversity, but it is unclear how the magnitude of change relates to the recently proposed planetary boundary (“safe limit”). We estimate that land use and related pressures have already reduced local biodiversity intactness—the average proportion of natural biodiversity remaining in local ecosystems—beyond its recently proposed planetary boundary across 58.1% of the world’s land surface, where 71.4% of the human population live. Biodiversity intactness within most biomes (especially grassland biomes), most biodiversity hotspots, and even some wilderness areas is inferred to be beyond the boundary. Such widespread transgression of safe limits suggests that biodiversity loss, if unchecked, will undermine efforts toward long-term sustainable development.%U http://science.sciencemag.org/content/sci/353/6296/288.full.pdf
Journal:
Science
Issue date:
15-Jul-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10141/620703
DOI:
10.1126/science.aaf2201
Submitted date:
2016-07-21
Type:
Journal Article
Item Description:
Copyright © 2016, American Association for the Advancement of Science. The attached document is the author's final accepted version of the journal article plus supplementary material. You are advised to consult the publisher's version if you wish to cite from it.
Subject Terms:
Biodiversity Intactness Index; Ecosystems; Human impacts; Modelling; Taxonomic coverage; PREDICTS; Land use pressure
ISSN:
0036-8075
EISSN:
1095-9203
Appears in Collections:
Life sciences

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorNewbold, Ten
dc.contributor.authorHudson, Len
dc.contributor.authorArnell, APen
dc.contributor.authorContu, Sen
dc.contributor.authorDe Palma, Aen
dc.contributor.authorFerrier, Sen
dc.contributor.authorHill, SLLen
dc.contributor.authorHoskins, AJen
dc.contributor.authorLysenko, Ien
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, HRPen
dc.contributor.authorBurton, VJen
dc.contributor.authorChng, CWTen
dc.contributor.authorEmerson, Sen
dc.contributor.authorGao, Den
dc.contributor.authorPask-Hale, Gen
dc.contributor.authorHutton, Jen
dc.contributor.authorJung, Men
dc.contributor.authorSanchez-Ortiz, Ken
dc.contributor.authorSimmons, Ben
dc.contributor.authorWhitmee, Sen
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Hen
dc.contributor.authorScharlemann, JPWen
dc.contributor.authorPurvis, Aen
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-27T09:20:48Z-
dc.date.available2016-09-27T09:20:48Z-
dc.date.issued2016-07-15en_US
dc.date.submitted2016-07-21-
dc.identifier.citationNewbold, T., L. N. Hudson, et al. (2016). "Has land use pushed terrestrial biodiversity beyond the planetary boundary? A global assessment." Science 353(6296): 288-291. The planetary boundaries framework attempts to set limits for biodiversity loss within which ecological function is relatively unaffected. Newbold et al. present a quantitative global analysis of the extent to which the proposed planetary boundary has been crossed (see the Perspective by Oliver). Using over 2 million records for nearly 40,000 terrestrial species, they modeled the response of biodiversity to land use and related pressures and then estimated, at a spatial resolution of ∼1 km2, the extent and spatial patterns of changes in local biodiversity. Across 65% of the terrestrial surface, land use and related pressures have caused biotic intactness to decline beyond 10%, the proposed “safe” planetary boundary. Changes have been most pronounced in grassland biomes and biodiversity hotspots.Science, this issue p. 288; see also p. 220Land use and related pressures have reduced local terrestrial biodiversity, but it is unclear how the magnitude of change relates to the recently proposed planetary boundary (“safe limit”). We estimate that land use and related pressures have already reduced local biodiversity intactness—the average proportion of natural biodiversity remaining in local ecosystems—beyond its recently proposed planetary boundary across 58.1% of the world’s land surface, where 71.4% of the human population live. Biodiversity intactness within most biomes (especially grassland biomes), most biodiversity hotspots, and even some wilderness areas is inferred to be beyond the boundary. Such widespread transgression of safe limits suggests that biodiversity loss, if unchecked, will undermine efforts toward long-term sustainable development.%U http://science.sciencemag.org/content/sci/353/6296/288.full.pdfen
dc.identifier.issn0036-8075en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1126/science.aaf2201en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10141/620703-
dc.titleHas land use pushed terrestrial biodiversity beyond the planetary boundary? A global assessmenten_US
dc.typeJournal Article-
dc.identifier.eissn1095-9203en_US
dc.identifier.journalScienceen_US
dc.identifier.volume353en_US
dc.identifier.issue6296en_US
dc.identifier.startpage288 - 291en_US
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/PhD Students-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Research-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Research/LS Research-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences-
dc.embargoNot knownen_US
elements.import.authorNewbold, Ten_US
elements.import.authorHudson, LNen_US
elements.import.authorArnell, APen_US
elements.import.authorContu, Sen_US
elements.import.authorDe Palma, Aen_US
elements.import.authorFerrier, Sen_US
elements.import.authorHill, SLLen_US
elements.import.authorHoskins, AJen_US
elements.import.authorLysenko, Ien_US
elements.import.authorPhillips, HRPen_US
elements.import.authorBurton, VJen_US
elements.import.authorChng, CWTen_US
elements.import.authorEmerson, Sen_US
elements.import.authorGao, Den_US
elements.import.authorPask-Hale, Gen_US
elements.import.authorHutton, Jen_US
elements.import.authorJung, Men_US
elements.import.authorSanchez-Ortiz, Ken_US
elements.import.authorSimmons, BIen_US
elements.import.authorWhitmee, Sen_US
elements.import.authorZhang, Hen_US
elements.import.authorScharlemann, JPWen_US
elements.import.authorPurvis, Aen_US
dc.description.nhmCopyright © 2016, American Association for the Advancement of Science. The attached document is the author's final accepted version of the journal article plus supplementary material. You are advised to consult the publisher's version if you wish to cite from it.-
dc.subject.nhmBiodiversity Intactness Index; Ecosystems; Human impacts; Modelling; Taxonomic coverage; PREDICTS; Land use pressure-
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