The dark side of birds: melanism - facts and fiction

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10141/622223
Title:
The dark side of birds: melanism - facts and fiction
Authors:
Van Grouw, H
Abstract:
Melanism is generally defined as an increase of dark pigment in the plumage, resulting in a blackish appearance. Furthermore, melanism is often associated with mutations of one gene that encodes the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R), a protein involved in regulating melanin pigmentation. However, there is often no increase of pigment and melanism does not necessarily involve dark pigment alone. Also, many different mutations in many different genes promote melanism, which may explain why it is the commonest colour morph in birds. In the past, melanistic birds were sometimes mistakenly named as new species. Ironically, it now appears that melanistic birds do indeed differ from their normal coloured conspecifics in more than just colour.
Citation:
van Grouw, Hein. 2017, The dark side of birds: melanism—facts and fiction. Bull. B.O.C. 2017 137(1) p.12-36.
Publisher:
The British Ornithologists' Club
Journal:
Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club
Issue date:
13-Mar-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10141/622223
Additional Links:
http://boc-online.org/bulletins/downloads/boc1371-vanGrouw.pdf
Submitted date:
2017-06-15
Type:
Journal Article
Item Description:
© 2017 The Authors; Journal compilation © 2017 British Ornithologists’ Club. The attached file is the published version of the article.
Subject Terms:
Melanism; melanocortin 1 receptor; mutations; Colour aberrations; Plumage colouration
ISSN:
0007-1595
Appears in Collections:
Life sciences

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorVan Grouw, Hen
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-19T14:25:27Z-
dc.date.available2017-06-19T14:25:27Z-
dc.date.issued2017-03-13en_US
dc.date.submitted2017-06-15-
dc.identifier.citationvan Grouw, Hein. 2017, The dark side of birds: melanism—facts and fiction. Bull. B.O.C. 2017 137(1) p.12-36.en
dc.identifier.issn0007-1595en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10141/622223-
dc.description.abstractMelanism is generally defined as an increase of dark pigment in the plumage, resulting in a blackish appearance. Furthermore, melanism is often associated with mutations of one gene that encodes the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R), a protein involved in regulating melanin pigmentation. However, there is often no increase of pigment and melanism does not necessarily involve dark pigment alone. Also, many different mutations in many different genes promote melanism, which may explain why it is the commonest colour morph in birds. In the past, melanistic birds were sometimes mistakenly named as new species. Ironically, it now appears that melanistic birds do indeed differ from their normal coloured conspecifics in more than just colour.en_US
dc.language.isoEnglishen_US
dc.publisherThe British Ornithologists' Cluben_US
dc.relation.urlhttp://boc-online.org/bulletins/downloads/boc1371-vanGrouw.pdfen
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.titleThe dark side of birds: melanism - facts and fictionen_US
dc.typeJournal Article-
dc.identifier.journalBulletin of the British Ornithologists' Cluben_US
dc.identifier.volume137en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.startpage12 - 36en_US
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Collections-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Collections/LS Collections-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences/Vertebrates-
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences/Vertebrates/Vertebrates – Collections-
dc.embargoNot knownen_US
elements.import.authorVan Grouw, Hen_US
dc.description.nhm© 2017 The Authors; Journal compilation © 2017 British Ornithologists’ Club. The attached file is the published version of the article.en
dc.subject.nhmMelanismen
dc.subject.nhmmelanocortin 1 receptoren
dc.subject.nhmmutationsen
dc.subject.nhmColour aberrationsen
dc.subject.nhmPlumage colourationen
All Items in The Natural History Museum repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.