• ICDP workshop on the Lake Tanganyika Scientific Drilling Project: a late Miocene–present record of climate, rifting, and ecosystem evolution from the world's oldest tropical lake

      Russell, JM; Barker, P; Cohen, Andrew; Ivory, S; Kimirei, Ismael; Lane, C; Leng, Melanie; Maganza, N; McGlue, M; Msaky, E; et al. (Copernicus GmbH, 2020-05-27)
      The Neogene and Quaternary are characterized by enormous changes in global climate and environments, including global cooling and the establishment of northern high-latitude glaciers. These changes reshaped global ecosystems, including the emergence of tropical dry forests and savannahs that are found in Africa today, which in turn may have influenced the evolution of humans and their ancestors. However, despite decades of research we lack long, continuous, well-resolved records of tropical climate, ecosystem changes, and surface processes necessary to understand their interactions and influences on evolutionary processes. Lake Tanganyika, Africa, contains the most continuous, long continental climate record from the mid-Miocene (∼10 Ma) to the present anywhere in the tropics and has long been recognized as a top-priority site for scientific drilling. The lake is surrounded by the Miombo woodlands, part of the largest dry tropical biome on Earth. Lake Tanganyika also harbors incredibly diverse endemic biota and an entirely unexplored deep microbial biosphere, and it provides textbook examples of rift segmentation, fault behavior, and associated surface processes. To evaluate the interdisciplinary scientific opportunities that an ICDP drilling program at Lake Tanganyika could offer, more than 70 scientists representing 12 countries and a variety of scientific disciplines met in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in June 2019. The team developed key research objectives in basin evolution, source-to-sink sedimentology, organismal evolution, geomicrobiology, paleoclimatology, paleolimnology, terrestrial paleoecology, paleoanthropology, and geochronology to be addressed through scientific drilling on Lake Tanganyika. They also identified drilling targets and strategies, logistical challenges, and education and capacity building programs to be carried out through the project. Participants concluded that a drilling program at Lake Tanganyika would produce the first continuous Miocene–present record from the tropics, transforming our understanding of global environmental change, the environmental context of human origins in Africa, and providing a detailed window into the dynamics, tempo and mode of biological diversification and adaptive radiations.
    • iCollections

      Paterson, GLJ; Albuquerque, S; Blagoderov, V; Brooks, S; Cafferty, S; Cane, E; Carter, V; Chainey, J; Crowther, R; Douglas, L; et al. (2016-06-03)
      iCollections specimens
    • iCollections methodology: workflow, results and lessons learned

      Blagoderov, V; Penn, M; Sadka, M; Hine, A; Brooks, S; Siebert, D; Sleep, C; Cafferty, S; Cane, E; Martin, G; et al. (2017-09-25)
    • iCollections methodology: workflow, results and lessons learned

      Blagoderov, V; Penn, M; Sadka, M; Hine, A; Brooks, S; Siebert, D; Sleep, C; Cafferty, S; Cane, E; Martin, G; et al. (2017-09-28)
    • iCollections methodology: workflow, results and lessons learned

      Blagoderov, Vladimir; Penn, MG; Sadka, Mike; Hine, Adrian; Brooks, Stephen; Siebert, Darrell; Sleep, Chris; Cafferty, Steve; Cane, Elisa; Martin, Geoff; et al. (Pensoft Publishers, 2017-09-25)
      The Natural History Museum, London (NHMUK) has embarked on an ambitious programme to digitise its collections. The first phase of this programme was to undertake a series of pilot projects to develop the workflows and infrastructure needed to support mass digitisation of very large scientific collections. This paper presents the results of one of the pilot projects – iCollections. This project digitised all the lepidopteran specimens usually considered as butterflies, 181,545 specimens representing 89 species from the British Isles and Ireland. The data digitised includes, species name, georeferenced location, collector and collection date - the what, where, who and when of specimen data. In addition, a digital image of each specimen was taken. A previous paper explained the way the data were obtained and the background to the collections that made up the project. The present paper describes the technical, logistical, and economic aspects of managing the project.
    • iCollections – Digitising the British and Irish Butterflies in the Natural History Museum, London

      Paterson, G; Albuquerque, S; Blagoderov, V; Brooks, S; Cafferty, S; Cane, E; Carter, V; Chainey, J; Crowther, R; Douglas, L; et al. (2016-09-13)
    • Ida Slater, A Collection Researcher in a Male World at the Beginning of the 20th Century

      Sendino, MCSL; Ducker, E; Burek, C; Sendino, MCSL; Ashton, J; Note, M (Rowman & Littlefield, 2018-12-01)
      Ida Lilian Slater (1881-1969) was one of the first women to work as a geologist in a male world, and although her career was short, she made important contributions to the Early Palaeozoic of Wales and Scotland. Her main work was based on a collection of a group of fossil scypho-zoan polyps gathered not by her but by another significant woman, Elizabeth Anderson, widely known as Mrs. Robert Gray (1831-1924). The majority of this collection is kept at the Natural History Museum (NHM), London, and the Sedgwick Museum, Cambridge. She worked in the former one for two years describing species and comparing specimens for her monograph on British conulariids. Although her work was based not only on this group, she will be remembered by her important contribution to the conulariids through collections. The NHM collection is considered the best in the world in terms of diversity and the second best in its number of specimens, while the Sedgwick Museum has a smaller collection that is still considered the second best in diversity and number of specimens in the United Kingdom. Her work has been cited for more than 100 years and continues to be cited to this day by researchers on this group of fossils.
    • Idalatry

      JENNER, RA (2009)
    • Idalatry

      Jenner, Ronald (2009-07)
    • Identification and functional prediction of mitochondrial complex III and IV mutations associated with glioblastoma

      Lloyd, RE; Keatley, K; Littlewood, T; Meunier, B; Holt, WV; An, Q; Higgins, SC; Polyzoidis, S; Stephenson, KF; Ashkan, K; et al. (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2015-07-01)
      Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor in adults, with a dismal prognosis. Treatment is hampered by GBM's unique biology, including differential cell response to therapy. Although several mitochondrial abnormalities have been identified, how mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations contribute to GBM biology and therapeutic response remains poorly described. We sought to determine the spectrum of functional complex III and IV mtDNA mutations in GBM. Methods: The complete mitochondrial genomes of 10 GBM cell lines were obtained using next-generation sequencing and combined with another set obtained from 32 GBM tissues. Three-dimensional structural mapping and analysis of all the nonsynonymous mutations identified in complex III and IV proteins was then performed to investigate functional importance. Results: Over 200 mutations were identified in the mtDNAs, including a significant proportion with very low mutational loads. Twenty-five were nonsynonymous mutations in complex III and IV, 9 of which were predicted to be functional and affect mitochondrial respiratory chain activity. Most of the functional candidates were GBM specific and not found in the general population, and 2 were present in the germ-line. Patient-specific maps reveal that 43% of tumors carry at least one functional candidate. Conclusions: We reveal that the spectrum of GBM-associated mtDNA mutations is wider than previously thought, as well as novel structural-functional links between specific mtDNA mutations, abnormal mitochondria, and the biology of GBM. These results could provide tangible new prognostic indicators as well as targets with which to guide the development of patient-specific mitochondrially mediated chemotherapeutic approaches.
    • Identification and lectotypification of the Solanaceae from Vellozo's Flora Fluminensis

      Knapp, S; Barboza, GE; Romero, MV; Vignoli-Silva, M; Giacomin, LL; Stehmann, JR (2015-08-28)
    • Identification of fossil worm tubes from Phanerozoic hydrothermal vents and cold seeps

      Georgieva, MN; Little, CTS; Watson, JS; Sephton, MA; Ball, AD; Glover, AG (2017-12-28)
    • Identification of Shell Colour Pigments in Marine Snails Clanculus pharaonius and C. margaritarius (Trochoidea; Gastropoda)

      Williams, ST; Ito, S; Wakamatsu, K; Goral, T; Edwards, NP; Wogelius, RA; Henkel, T; de Oliveira, LFC; Maia, LF; Strekopytov, S; et al. (2016-07-01)
    • Identification of the relationship between Chinese Adiantum reniforme var. sinense and Canary Adiantum reniforme

      Wang, A-H; Sun, Y; Zhai, J-W; Liu, D-M; Zhou, J-S; Xing, F-W; Chen, H-F; Wang, F-G; Schneider, Harald (2015)
    • Identification Trainers for the Future - Inspiring the Next Generation of UK Wildlife Experts

      West, SVL; Tweddle, JC (The Chartered Institute for Ecology and Environmental Management, 2014-12-01)
      The Natural History Museum is one of the world’s foremost institutions for the advancement of the natural sciences. The Museum’s Angela Marmont Centre for UK Biodiversity acts as a centre to promote the appreciation and study of UK natural history and a hub for partnership-based UK natural history engagement, training and research. Through a new project called Identification Trainers forthe Future, the Centre aims to actively address a critical and growing skills shortage within the UK biodiversity sector: wildlife identification and recording skills. This will be achieved through a number of placements offering early-career ecologists specialist training in species identification and survey, museum curatorial skills, training delivery and broader transferable skills.
    • Identification Trainers for the Future: Bridging the skills gap in natural history

      West, SVL (Linnean Society, 2017-09-07)
      The Identification Trainers for the Future project has been a 3-year project developing a new model of species identification training for the Museum, while also looking at sector-related career issues, particularly methods of recruitment from non-traditional entry routes into the UK biodiversity and museums sectors. Through funding from the HLF’s Skills for the Future programme and working in partnership with the NBNT and FSC, 15 trainees have worked through 12-month long work-based traineeships with us, developing their technical skills in species identification for cryptic UK taxa and developing experience in teaching and scientific communication. This talk will look at some of the lessons learnt from the project, as well as discussing some of the ways forward for the Museum now the project is starting to draw to a close.
    • Identification Trainers for the Future: Developing the next generation of expert naturalists at the Angela Marmont Centre for UK Biodiversity

      West, SVL; Roach, APG (Natural Science Collections Association, 2018-02-02)
      With on-going losses to UK biodiversity occurring, the need for suitably experienced, passionate biologists who can identify and classify plants and animals, and engage young people with the natural world, has never been greater. There has, however, been a decline in biological field skills, particularly in emerging scientists and graduates, in recent years. This is due to a combination of factors, including our changing relationship with nature, reduced childhood engagement, and a lack of education and training opportunities. Cuts to museum specialists have also occurred, making it more difficult for early career professionals to gain the training required to work in field ecology, taxonomy, and as specialist curators. The 'Identification Trainers for the Future' traineeship, launched in 2015 by the Natural History Museum (NHM) in partnership with the Field Studies Council (FSC) and National Biodiversity Network (NBN), and hosted within the Angela Marmont Centre for UK Biodiversity (AMC), is a strong example of how early career professionals can develop ecological field and curatorial skills. It provides a platform for passionate individuals to train future generations in wildlife identification, support naturalist groups, and engage public audiences to connect with the natural world. This paper outlines the aims and key elements of the ID Trainers for the Future traineeship, reflecting on personal experiences. Finally, the paper outlines initial lessons learnt and next steps as the active phase of the programme draws to a close with the final cohort of trainees in spring of 2018