• A Case of Urogenital Human Schistosomiasis from a Non-endemic Area

      Calvo-Cano, A; Cnops, L; Huyse, T; van Lieshout, L; Pardos, J; Valls, ME; Franco, A; Rollinson, D; Gascon, J; Jones, MK (2015-11-05)
    • Catalogue and composition of fossil Anthicidae and Ischaliidae (Insecta: Coleoptera)

      Telnov, Dmitry; Bukejs, A (Paleontological Society., 2019-04)
      Despite the increasing rate of systematic research on extant tenebrionoid Coleoptera of the Anthicidae and Ischaliidae, their fossil records remained largely unrevised. In the current paper we review all hitherto named ant-like flower beetles and false fire-coloured beetles fossils. We suggest 16 fossil species can be reliably assigned to the Anthicidae and three species to the Ischaliidae. We proposed new placements for two fossil Anthicidae taxa: Petratypus nigri Kaddumi, 2005 moved from Anthicidae to Cucujiformia Familia incertae sedis and “Eurygenius” wickhami Cockerell, 1917 is re-described and moved from Eurygeniinae Anthicidae to Tenebrionoidea Familia and Genus incertae sedis. Additionally, three new species are described from Eocene Baltic amber, namely Nitorus succinius sp. nov., Steropes eleticinoides sp. nov. and Tomoderus saecularis sp. nov. An annotated catalogue of fossil Anthicidae and Ischaliidae is provided. We made a qualitative analysis of available data, evaluated the distribution of fossils in the light of current biogeography and geological time. The oldest hitherto known fossil record of the Anthicidae is 130.0-125.5 Ma (same for Macratriinae), of the Anthicinae - 37.2-33.9 Ma, of the Eurygeniinae - 55.8-48.6 Ma, of the Notoxinae, Steropinae and Tomoderinae - 37.2-33.9 Ma. The oldest hitherto know fossil record of the Ischaliidae is 37.2-33.9 Ma.
    • A cautionary note on the use of Ornstein Uhlenbeck models in macroevolutionary studies

      Cooper, N; Thomas, GH; Venditti, C; Meade, A; Freckleton, RP (2016-05)
    • Centipede venoms as a source of drug leads

      Undheim, EAB; Jenner, RA; King, GF (2016-12)
    • Changes in technology and imperfect detection of nest contents impedes reliable estimates of population trends in burrowing seabirds

      Lavers, JL; Hutton, I; Bond, A (Elsevier, 2019-03-01)
      One of the most fundamental aspects of conservation biology is understanding trends in the abundance of species and populations. This influences conservation interventions, threat abatement, and management by implicitly or explicitly setting targets for favourable conservation states, such as an increasing or stable population. Burrow-nesting seabirds present many challenges for determining abundance reliably, which is further hampered by variability in the quality of previous surveys. We used burrow scopes to determine the population status of Flesh-footed Shearwaters (Ardenna carneipes) at their largest colony on Lord Howe Island, Australia, in 2018. We estimated a breeding population of 22,654 breeding pairs (95% CI: 8159–37,909). Comparing burrow scope models used in 2018 found more than half of burrow contents (20/36 burrows examined) were classified differently. If this detection probability is applied retroactively to surveys in 2002 and 2009, we estimate that the Flesh-footed Shearwater population on Lord Howe has decreased by up to 50% in the last decade, but uncertainty around previous surveys’ ability to reliably determine burrow contents means a direct comparison is not possible. The decline in burrow density between 2018 and previous years adds further evidence that the population may not be stable. Our results highlight a need for regular surveys to quantify detection probability so that as video technology advances, previous population estimates remain comparable. We urge caution when comparing population counts of burrowing seabirds using different technologies, to ensure comparisons are meaningful.
    • Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Braconidae

      Broad, G; Shaw, MR; Godfray, HCJ (2016-04-21)
    • Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Chalcidoidea and Mymarommatoidea

      Dale-Skey, N; Askew, RR; Noyes, JS; Livermore, L; Broad, G (2016-06-06)
    • Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Cynipoidea

      Forshage, M; Bowdrey, J; Broad, G; Spooner, B; van Veen, F (2017-03-09)
    • Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Ichneumonidae

      Broad, G (Pensoft, 2016-07-05)
      Background The checklist of British and Irish Ichneumonidae is revised, based in large part on the collections of the Natural History Museum, London and the National Museums of Scotland, Edinburgh. Distribution records are provided at the country level. New information Of the 2,447 species regarded as valid and certainly identified, 214 are here recorded for the first time from the British Isles. Neorhacodinae is considered to be a separate subfamily rather than a synonym of Tersilochinae. Echthrini is treated as a junior synonym of the tribe Cryptini, not Hemigastrini. Echthrus Gravenhorst and Helcostizus Förster are classified in Cryptini rather than, respectively, Hemigastrini and Phygadeuontini.
    • Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Introduction

      Broad, G (Pensoft, 2014-06-17)
      The last complete checklist of the British and Irish Hymenoptera was that of Fitton et al. (1978). Much has changed in the intervening 36 years, including many changes to the higher classification of Hymenoptera and, of course, the discovery of many additional species. In producing this checklist we (the authors of the various chapters) have tried to provide a useful entry to the literature dealing with the identification and classification of the species involved, particularly for the less familiar parasitoid groups. The checklist also begins the process of summarising data on species' distribution on a country-level basis. I hope that this will serve to stimulate increased interest in this relatively neglected part of the British and Irish fauna. This volume serves as a standard reference point for the British and Irish Hymenoptera fauna, and, hopefully, provides a backbone to recording efforts and the underlying taxonomy. Having an endpoint to this project has stimulated much research in to our fauna, including the critical examination of museum collections, and thus pushed some checklist sections to a state they might not otherwise have reached. Of course, a checklist is never finished. The next incarnation will be digital, and the checklist is already in the process of migrating to a Scratchpad (Hymenoptera of the British Isles), where updates will be maintained as and when changes occur.
    • Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Platygastroidea

      Buhl, PN; Broad, G; Notton, DG (2016-04-22)
    • Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Sawflies, ‘Symphyta’

      Liston, A; Knight, G; Sheppard, D; Broad, G; Livermore, L (2014-08-29)
    • Checklist of the Helminth Parasites of South American Bats

      Santos, CP; Gibson, David I. (2015-03-26)
    • Cheilostome Bryozoen

      Martha, Silviou; Niebuhr, B; Scholz, J (2017-06-26)
      This section describes the cheilostome bryozoan fauna from the Late Cretaceous of Saxony. H.B. Geinitz and A.E. von Reuss described 33 different cheilostome species from the Upper Cenomanian and the mid-Upper Turonian of Saxony, among which 18 new species. Revisions of the Cenomanian material provided by E. Voigt showed that this material included four cyclostome species and eight species that were not derived from Saxony, but subject to a confusion of the sampling locality. Our study of the material and of material collected by E. Voigt in the 20th century yields 23 cheilostome bryozoan species for the Cretaceous of Saxony (lower Cenomanian to lower Coniacian). One new genus, Hillmeropora, and five new species, “Akatopora” wilmseni, Hillmeropora pavonina, Onychocella saxoniae, “Onychocella” barbata and Wilbertopora ostiolatoides are described. Material of six species described by Geinitz and Reuss was not found, thus their identity remaining obscure. “Eschara angustata Geinitz, 1842” is preserved as internal moulds and can therefore not be classified down to genus and species level. Furthermore, the badly preserved material of “Cellepora strehlensis”, figured by Geinitz (1846), “Eschara lineolata Reuss, 1874” and “Vincularia plauensis” sensu Reuss (1874) does not allow a proper classification.
    • The chemical basis of a signal of individual identity: shell pigment concentrations track the unique appearance of Common Murre eggs.

      Hauber, ME; Bond, AL; Kouwenberg, A-L; Robertson, GJ; Hansen, ES; Holford, M; Dainson, M; Luro, A; Dale, J (Royal Society, 2019-04-26)
      In group-living species with parental care, the accurate recognition of one's own young is critical to fitness. Because discriminating offspring within a large colonial group may be challenging, progeny of colonial breeders often display familial or individual identity signals to elicit and receive parental provisions from their own parents. For instance, the common murre (or common guillemot: Uria aalge) is a colonially breeding seabird that does not build a nest and lays and incubates an egg with an individually unique appearance. How the shell's physical and chemical properties generate this individual variability in coloration and maculation has not been studied in detail. Here, we quantified two characteristics of the avian-visible appearance of murre eggshells collected from the wild: background coloration spectra and maculation density. As predicted by the individual identity hypothesis, there was no statistical relationship between avian-perceivable shell background coloration and maculation density within the same eggs. In turn, variation in both sets of traits was statistically related to some of their physico-chemical properties, including shell thickness and concentrations of the eggshell pigments biliverdin and protoporphyrin IX. These results illustrate how individually unique eggshell appearances, suitable for identity signalling, can be generated by a small number of structural mechanisms.