• iCollections

      Paterson, GLJ; Albuquerque, S; Blagoderov, V; Brooks, S; Cafferty, S; Cane, E; Carter, V; Chainey, J; Crowther, R; Douglas, L; et al. (2016-06-03)
      iCollections specimens
    • iCollections methodology: workflow, results and lessons learned

      Blagoderov, V; Penn, M; Sadka, M; Hine, A; Brooks, S; Siebert, D; Sleep, C; Cafferty, S; Cane, E; Martin, G; et al. (2017-09-25)
    • iCollections methodology: workflow, results and lessons learned

      Blagoderov, V; Penn, M; Sadka, M; Hine, A; Brooks, S; Siebert, D; Sleep, C; Cafferty, S; Cane, E; Martin, G; et al. (2017-09-28)
    • iCollections – Digitising the British and Irish Butterflies in the Natural History Museum, London

      Paterson, G; Albuquerque, S; Blagoderov, V; Brooks, S; Cafferty, S; Cane, E; Carter, V; Chainey, J; Crowther, R; Douglas, L; et al. (2016-09-13)
    • Idalatry

      JENNER, RA (2009)
    • Identification and functional prediction of mitochondrial complex III and IV mutations associated with glioblastoma

      Lloyd, RE; Keatley, K; Littlewood, T; Meunier, B; Holt, WV; An, Q; Higgins, SC; Polyzoidis, S; Stephenson, KF; Ashkan, K; et al. (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2015-07-01)
      Background: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor in adults, with a dismal prognosis. Treatment is hampered by GBM's unique biology, including differential cell response to therapy. Although several mitochondrial abnormalities have been identified, how mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations contribute to GBM biology and therapeutic response remains poorly described. We sought to determine the spectrum of functional complex III and IV mtDNA mutations in GBM. Methods: The complete mitochondrial genomes of 10 GBM cell lines were obtained using next-generation sequencing and combined with another set obtained from 32 GBM tissues. Three-dimensional structural mapping and analysis of all the nonsynonymous mutations identified in complex III and IV proteins was then performed to investigate functional importance. Results: Over 200 mutations were identified in the mtDNAs, including a significant proportion with very low mutational loads. Twenty-five were nonsynonymous mutations in complex III and IV, 9 of which were predicted to be functional and affect mitochondrial respiratory chain activity. Most of the functional candidates were GBM specific and not found in the general population, and 2 were present in the germ-line. Patient-specific maps reveal that 43% of tumors carry at least one functional candidate. Conclusions: We reveal that the spectrum of GBM-associated mtDNA mutations is wider than previously thought, as well as novel structural-functional links between specific mtDNA mutations, abnormal mitochondria, and the biology of GBM. These results could provide tangible new prognostic indicators as well as targets with which to guide the development of patient-specific mitochondrially mediated chemotherapeutic approaches.
    • Identification and lectotypification of the Solanaceae from Vellozo's Flora Fluminensis

      Knapp, S; Barboza, GE; Romero, MV; Vignoli-Silva, M; Giacomin, LL; Stehmann, JR (2015-08-28)
    • Identification of fossil worm tubes from Phanerozoic hydrothermal vents and cold seeps

      Georgieva, MN; Little, CTS; Watson, JS; Sephton, MA; Ball, AD; Glover, AG (2017-12-28)
    • Identification of Shell Colour Pigments in Marine Snails Clanculus pharaonius and C. margaritarius (Trochoidea; Gastropoda)

      Williams, ST; Ito, S; Wakamatsu, K; Goral, T; Edwards, NP; Wogelius, RA; Henkel, T; de Oliveira, LFC; Maia, LF; Strekopytov, S; et al. (2016-07-01)
    • Identification of the relationship between Chinese Adiantum reniforme var. sinense and Canary Adiantum reniforme

      Wang, A-H; Sun, Y; Zhai, J-W; Liu, D-M; Zhou, J-S; Xing, F-W; Chen, H-F; Wang, F-G; Schneider, Harald (2015)
    • Identification Trainers for the Future - Inspiring the Next Generation of UK Wildlife Experts

      West, SVL; Tweddle, JC (The Chartered Institute for Ecology and Environmental Management, 2014-12-01)
      The Natural History Museum is one of the world’s foremost institutions for the advancement of the natural sciences. The Museum’s Angela Marmont Centre for UK Biodiversity acts as a centre to promote the appreciation and study of UK natural history and a hub for partnership-based UK natural history engagement, training and research. Through a new project called Identification Trainers forthe Future, the Centre aims to actively address a critical and growing skills shortage within the UK biodiversity sector: wildlife identification and recording skills. This will be achieved through a number of placements offering early-career ecologists specialist training in species identification and survey, museum curatorial skills, training delivery and broader transferable skills.
    • Identification Trainers for the Future: Bridging the skills gap in natural history

      West, SVL (Linnean Society, 2017-09-07)
      The Identification Trainers for the Future project has been a 3-year project developing a new model of species identification training for the Museum, while also looking at sector-related career issues, particularly methods of recruitment from non-traditional entry routes into the UK biodiversity and museums sectors. Through funding from the HLF’s Skills for the Future programme and working in partnership with the NBNT and FSC, 15 trainees have worked through 12-month long work-based traineeships with us, developing their technical skills in species identification for cryptic UK taxa and developing experience in teaching and scientific communication. This talk will look at some of the lessons learnt from the project, as well as discussing some of the ways forward for the Museum now the project is starting to draw to a close.
    • Identification Trainers for the Future: Developing the next generation of expert naturalists at the Angela Marmont Centre for UK Biodiversity

      West, SVL; Roach, APG (Natural Science Collections Association, 2018-02-02)
      With on-going losses to UK biodiversity occurring, the need for suitably experienced, passionate biologists who can identify and classify plants and animals, and engage young people with the natural world, has never been greater. There has, however, been a decline in biological field skills, particularly in emerging scientists and graduates, in recent years. This is due to a combination of factors, including our changing relationship with nature, reduced childhood engagement, and a lack of education and training opportunities. Cuts to museum specialists have also occurred, making it more difficult for early career professionals to gain the training required to work in field ecology, taxonomy, and as specialist curators. The 'Identification Trainers for the Future' traineeship, launched in 2015 by the Natural History Museum (NHM) in partnership with the Field Studies Council (FSC) and National Biodiversity Network (NBN), and hosted within the Angela Marmont Centre for UK Biodiversity (AMC), is a strong example of how early career professionals can develop ecological field and curatorial skills. It provides a platform for passionate individuals to train future generations in wildlife identification, support naturalist groups, and engage public audiences to connect with the natural world. This paper outlines the aims and key elements of the ID Trainers for the Future traineeship, reflecting on personal experiences. Finally, the paper outlines initial lessons learnt and next steps as the active phase of the programme draws to a close with the final cohort of trainees in spring of 2018
    • IMp: The customizable LEGO® Pinned Insect Manipulator

      Dupont, S; Price, BW; Blagoderov, V (2015-02-04)
    • The impact of Cenozoic cooling on assemblage diversity in planktonic foraminifera

      Fenton, IS; Pearson, PN; Dunkley Jones, T; Farnsworth, A; Lunt, DJ; Markwick, P; Purvis, A (2016-04-05)
    • Impact of sample degradation and inhibition on field-based DNA identification of human remains

      Dawnay, N; Flamson, R; Hall, MJR; Steadman, DW (Elsevier, 2018-07-25)
      The advent of DNA technologies for field-based application promises to provide rapid intelligence to aid investigations. Their validation and adoption by enforcement groups have demonstrated utility in sample screening and prioritisation, but field application in some areas of forensic science, such as human remains identification, is little evidenced. Assessing the ability of such approaches to provide meaningful data is critical as decomposition is likely to complicate analysis and limit the effective use of such field-based DNA interventions. This research assessed the ability to collect viable DNA data in the field using the ParaDNA Field Instrument and Intelligence Test chemistry. Different sample collection methods were assessed; direct from skin surface; direct from exposed tissue; indirect from muscle swab transferred to FTA card; and from larvae on the donors. Samples were collected and processed on-site at the Anthropology Research Facility, University of Tennessee. The data show that the muscle tissue provided the most effective sample template and, using this approach, it was possible to generate STR profiles from human remains in under two hours from the time of sample collection. STR profile data were collected up to four days from donor placement (114 Accumulated Degree Days). After this time there was a rapid decrease in the quality of the profiles collected due to the onset of decomposition. The data also show that effective sample recovery was not possible from the surface of the skin, exposed tissue or from carrion larvae. Inhibition studies in the laboratory suggest that by-products of the decomposition process are the primary mode of failure. Together these data suggests a possible application for screening and prioritisation in criminal casework but highlights issues that may affect the success of the approach.
    • The Importance and Potential Value of a Regional Midsize Arthropod Collection: An Example of IBULC

      Kagainis, U; Cera, I; Juceviča, E; Karpa, A; Salmane, I; Saulītis, J; Spuņģis, V; Telnov, Dmitry; Melecis, V; Jankevica, L (Common Ground Research Networks, 2020)
      During the last three centuries, people involved in natural history sciences have produced thousands of natural history collections worldwide. Specimens have been used for scientific proof of various discoveries and for gaining new knowledge in many disciplines of science not only in the area of biodiversity but also in taxonomy, species biology and ecology, parasitology, evolution, organisms’ responses to climate change, nature conservation and many other biological sub-disciplines. Despite never-ending financial struggles, the world’s largest collections as well as many regional midsize collections contain billions of specimens. This provides an enormous database for present and future studies. This article presents a critical description of the material of the Institute of Biology, University of Latvia collection (IBULC) containing roughly 59,000 identified arthropod individuals of about 3,700 species, including twenty-eight primary types as a part of around ninety type specimens, to illustrate the importance of midsize regional natural history collections in detail.