• Monitoring water-chemistry evolution in the bentonite buffer using magnets: Effects of corrosion on buffer stability

      Mavris, C; Rigonat, N; Harley, S; Butler, IB (Clay Minerals Society, 2016-01-01)
      Bentonite has been chosen as a buffer material by several national nuclear-waste management companies because of its swelling capacity and low water permeability, and because it retards the transport of radionuclides and corrosion products toward the geosphere. The aim of the present study was to develop a magnetic material that has the ability to detect changes in groundwater compositions in an underground nucleardeposit facility through variation in its magnetic properties with time. The present study has investigated the effect of the corrosion of NdFeB magnets on the Na-bentonite buffer under different environmental conditions. Seven different aqueous solutions were used for long-time exposure tests (708C, 5 months) with fragments of NdFeB magnets and powdered Na-bentonite. The corrosion of NdFeB alloy had no detectable effect on the mineralogy of the clay minerals, and any change on the bentonite matrix, measured through X-ray diffraction analysis, was related to the different initial chemistry of the solutions.