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dc.contributor.authorPuskic, PS
dc.contributor.authorLavers, JL
dc.contributor.authorAdams, LR
dc.contributor.authorGrünenwald, M
dc.contributor.authorHutton, I
dc.contributor.authorBond, AL
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-03T13:11:21Z
dc.date.available2019-06-03T13:11:21Z
dc.date.issued2019-05-16
dc.date.submitted2019-05-22
dc.identifier.citationPeter S Puskic, Jennifer L Lavers, Louise R Adams, Martin Grünenwald, Ian Hutton, Alexander L Bond, Uncovering the sub-lethal impacts of plastic ingestion by shearwaters using fatty acid analysis, Conservation Physiology, Volume 7, Issue 1, 2019, coz017, https://doi.org/10.1093/conphys/coz017en_US
dc.identifier.issn2051-1434
dc.identifier.doi10.1093/conphys/coz017
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10141/622526
dc.description.abstractMarine plastic pollution is increasing exponentially, impacting an expanding number of taxa each year across all trophic levels. Of all bird groups, seabirds display the highest plastic ingestion rates and are regarded as sentinels of pollution within their foraging regions. The consumption of plastic contributes to sub-lethal impacts (i.e. morbidity, starvation) in a handful of species. Additional data on these sub-lethal effects are needed urgently to better understand the scope and severity of the plastics issue. Here we explore the application of fatty acid (FA) analysis as a novel tool to investigate sub-lethal impacts of plastic ingestion on seabird body condition and health. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, we identified 37 individual FAs within the adipose, breast muscle and liver of flesh-footed (Ardenna carneipes) and short-tailed (Ardenna tenuirostris) shearwaters. We found high amounts of FA 16:0, 18:0, 20:5n3 (eicosapentaenoic acid), 22:6n3 (docosahexaenoic acid) and 18:1n9 in both species; however, the overall FA composition of the two species differed significantly. In flesh-footed shearwaters, high amounts of saturated and mono-unsaturated FAs (needed for fast and slow release energy, respectively) in the adipose and muscle tissues were related to greater bird body mass. While total FAs were not related to the amount of plastic ingested in either species, these data are a valuable contribution to the limited literature on FAs in seabirds. We encourage studies to explore other analytical tools to detect these sub-lethal impacts of plastic.en_US
dc.publisherOxford Academicen_US
dc.rightsopenAccessen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectMarine debris; nutritional composition; plastic pollution; procellariiform; seabirdsen_US
dc.titleUncovering the sub-lethal impacts of plastic ingestion by shearwaters using fatty acid analysis.en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.identifier.journalConserv Physiolen_US
dc.conference.locationEnglanden_US
dc.identifier.volume7en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Collections
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Collections/LS Collections
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences/Vertebrates
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences/Vertebrates/Vertebrates – Collections
dc.embargoNot knownen_US
elements.import.authorPuskic, PSen_US
elements.import.authorLavers, JLen_US
elements.import.authorAdams, LRen_US
elements.import.authorGrünenwald, Men_US
elements.import.authorHutton, Ien_US
elements.import.authorBond, ALen_US
dc.description.nhm© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press and the Society for Experimental Biology. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The attached file is the published pdf version of this article.en_US
dc.subject.nhmMarine debrisen_US
dc.subject.nhmnutritional compositionen_US
dc.subject.nhmplastic pollutionen_US
dc.subject.nhmprocellariiformen_US
dc.subject.nhmseabirdsen_US
refterms.dateFOA2019-06-03T13:11:21Z


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