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dc.contributor.authorMcCarthy, EW
dc.contributor.authorLandis, JB
dc.contributor.authorKurti, A
dc.contributor.authorLawhorn, AJ
dc.contributor.authorChase, MW
dc.contributor.authorKnapp, S
dc.contributor.authorLe Comber, SC
dc.contributor.authorLeitch, AR
dc.contributor.authorLitt, A
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-20T08:26:55Z
dc.date.available2019-06-20T08:26:55Z
dc.date.issued2019-04-27
dc.date.submitted2019-06-18
dc.identifier.citationMcCarthy, E. W., J. B. Landis, et al. (2019). "Early consequences of allopolyploidy alter floral evolution in Nicotiana (Solanaceae)." BMC Plant Biology 19(1): 162.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1471-2229
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12870-019-1771-5
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10141/622529
dc.description.abstractBackground: Polyploidy has played a major role in angiosperm evolution. Previous studies have examined polyploid phenotypes in comparison to their extant progenitors, but not in context of predicted progenitor phenotypes at allopolyploid origin. In addition, differences in the trends of polyploid versus diploid evolution have not been investigated. We use ancestral character-state reconstructions to estimate progenitor phenotype at allopolyploid origin to determine patterns of polyploid evolution leading to morphology of the extant species. We also compare trends in diploid versus allopolyploid evolution to determine if polyploidy modifies floral evolutionary patterns. Results: Predicting the ancestral phenotype of a nascent allopolyploid from reconstructions of diploid phenotypes at the time of polyploid formation generates different phenotype predictions than when extant diploid phenotypes are used, the outcome of which can alter conclusions about polyploid evolution; however, most analyses yield the same results. Using ancestral reconstructions of diploid floral phenotypes indicate that young polyploids evolve shorter, wider corolla tubes, but older polyploids and diploids do not show any detectable evolutionary trends. Lability of the traits examined (floral shape, corolla tube length, and corolla tube width) differs across young and older polyploids and diploids. Corolla length is more evolutionarily labile in older polyploids and diploids. Polyploids do not display unique suites of floral characters based on both morphological and color traits, but some suites of characters may be evolving together and seem to have arisen multiple times within Nicotiana, perhaps due to the influence of pollinators. Conclusions: Young polyploids display different trends in floral evolution (shorter, wider corolla tubes, which may result in more generalist pollination) than older polyploids and diploids, suggesting that patterns of divergence are impacted by the early consequences of allopolyploidy, perhaps arising from genomic shock and/or subsequent genome stabilization associated with diploidization. Convergent evolution in floral morphology and color in Nicotiana can be consistent with pollinator preferences, suggesting that pollinators may have shaped floral evolution in Nicotiana.en_US
dc.publisherBMCen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-019-1771-5en_US
dc.rightsopenAccessen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectAncestral character state reconstruction; Evolution; Flower color; Flower morphology; Geometric morphometrics; Hybridization; Nicotiana; Polyploidyen_US
dc.titleEarly consequences of allopolyploidy alter floral evolution in Nicotiana (Solanaceae)en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.identifier.journalBMC PLANT BIOLOGYen_US
dc.identifier.volume19en_US
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Research
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Research/LS Research
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Initiatives
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Initiatives/Natural Resources and Hazards
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences
dc.embargoNot knownen_US
elements.import.authorMcCarthy, EWen_US
elements.import.authorLandis, JBen_US
elements.import.authorKurti, Aen_US
elements.import.authorLawhorn, AJen_US
elements.import.authorChase, MWen_US
elements.import.authorKnapp, Sen_US
elements.import.authorLe Comber, SCen_US
elements.import.authorLeitch, ARen_US
elements.import.authorLitt, Aen_US
dc.description.nhm© The Author(s). 2019 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.en_US
dc.subject.nhmAncestral character state reconstructionen_US
dc.subject.nhmFlower coloren_US
dc.subject.nhmFlower morphologyen_US
dc.subject.nhmGeometric morphometricsen_US
dc.subject.nhmHybridizationen_US
dc.subject.nhmNicotianaen_US
dc.subject.nhmPolyploidyen_US
dc.subject.nhmEvolutionen_US
refterms.dateFOA2019-06-20T08:26:56Z


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