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dc.contributor.authorLavers, JL
dc.contributor.authorStivaktakis, G
dc.contributor.authorHutton, I
dc.contributor.authorBond, AL
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-04T13:53:06Z
dc.date.available2019-07-04T13:53:06Z
dc.date.issued2019-04-06
dc.date.submitted2019-07-03
dc.identifier.citationLavers, J. L., G. Stivaktakis, et al. (2019). "Detection of ultrafine plastics ingested by seabirds using tissue digestion." Marine Pollution Bulletin 142: 470-474.en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.04.001
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10141/622541
dc.description.abstractPlastic debris is a major global threat to marine ecosystems and species. However, our knowledge of this issue may be incomplete due to a lack of a standardized method for quantifying ingested ultrafine particles (1 μm - 1 mm) in wildlife. This study provides the first quantification of ultrafine plastic in seabirds using chemical and biological digestion treatments to extract plastic items from seabird gizzards. The alkaline agent, potassium hydroxide, outperformed the enzyme corolase, based on cost and efficiency (e.g., digestion time). Ultrafine plastics were observed in 7.0% of Flesh-footed Shearwater (Ardenna carneipes) gizzards collected from Lord Howe Island, Australia and accounted for 3.6% of all plastic items recovered (13 out of 359 items). Existing methods for extracting ingested plastic from seabirds do not account for ultrafine particles, therefore our results indicate current seabird plastic loads, and the associated physical and biological impacts, are underestimated.en_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.rightsclosedAccessen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode
dc.subjectExtraction methods; Marine debris; Microplastic; Plastic pollutionen_US
dc.titleDetection of ultrafine plastics ingested by seabirds using tissue digestion.en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1879-3363
dc.identifier.journalMarine Pollution Bulletinen_US
dc.conference.locationEnglanden_US
dc.identifier.volume142en_US
dc.identifier.startpage470 - 474en_US
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Collections
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Collections/LS Collections
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences/Vertebrates
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences/Vertebrates/Vertebrates – Collections
dc.embargoNot knownen_US
elements.import.authorLavers, JLen_US
elements.import.authorStivaktakis, Gen_US
elements.import.authorHutton, Ien_US
elements.import.authorBond, ALen_US
dc.description.nhmThe attached document is the author(’s’) final accepted/submitted version of the journal article. You are advised to consult the publisher’s version if you wish to cite from it.en_US
dc.subject.nhmExtraction methodsen_US
dc.subject.nhmMarine debrisen_US
dc.subject.nhmMicroplasticen_US
dc.subject.nhmPlastic pollutionen_US
refterms.dateFOA2020-04-05T00:00:00Z


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