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dc.contributor.authorKenis, M
dc.contributor.authordu Plessis, H
dc.contributor.authorVan den Berg, J
dc.contributor.authorBa, MN
dc.contributor.authorGoergen, G
dc.contributor.authorKwadjo, KE
dc.contributor.authorBaoua, I
dc.contributor.authorTefera, T
dc.contributor.authorBuddie, A
dc.contributor.authorCafa, G
dc.contributor.authorOfford, L
dc.contributor.authorRwomushana, I
dc.contributor.authorPolaszek, A
dc.identifier.citationKenis, M.; du Plessis, H.; Van den Berg, J.; Ba, M.N.; Goergen, G.; Kwadjo, K.E.; Baoua, I.; Tefera, T.; Buddie, A.; Cafà, G.; Offord, L.; Rwomushana, I.; Polaszek, A. Telenomus remus, a Candidate Parasitoid for the Biological Control of Spodoptera frugiperda in Africa, is already Present on the Continent. Insects 2019, 10, 92.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, a moth originating from tropical and subtropical America, has recently become a serious pest of cereals in sub-Saharan Africa. Biological control offers an economically and environmentally safer alternative to synthetic insecticides that are being used for the management of this pest. Consequently, various biological control options are being considered, including the introduction of Telenomus remus, the main egg parasitoid of S. frugiperda in the Americas, where it is already used in augmentative biological control programmes. During surveys in South, West, and East Africa, parasitized egg masses of S. frugiperda were collected, and the emerged parasitoids were identified through morphological observations and molecular analyses as T. remus. The presence of T. remus in Africa in at least five countries provides a great opportunity to develop augmentative biological control methods and register the parasitoid against S. frugiperda. Surveys should be carried out throughout Africa to assess the present distribution of T. remus on the continent, and the parasitoid could be re-distributed in the regions where it is absent, following national and international regulations. Classical biological control should focus on the importation of larval parasitoids from the Americas.en_US
dc.subjectbiological control; egg parasitism; fall armyworm; invasive species; maize; Spodoptera frugiperda; Telenomus remusen_US
dc.titleTelenomus remus, a Candidate Parasitoid for the Biological Control of Spodoptera frugiperda in Africa, is already Present on the Continenten_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Research
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Research/LS Research
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences
dc.embargoNot knownen_US
elements.import.authorKenis, Men_US
elements.import.authordu Plessis, Hen_US
elements.import.authorVan den Berg, Jen_US
elements.import.authorBa, MNen_US
elements.import.authorGoergen, Gen_US
elements.import.authorKwadjo, KEen_US
elements.import.authorBaoua, Ien_US
elements.import.authorTefera, Ten_US
elements.import.authorBuddie, Aen_US
elements.import.authorCafa, Gen_US
elements.import.authorOfford, Len_US
elements.import.authorRwomushana, Ien_US
elements.import.authorPolaszek, Aen_US
dc.description.nhm© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( The attached file is the published pdf.en_US
dc.subject.nhmbiological controlen_US
dc.subject.nhmegg parasitismen_US
dc.subject.nhmfall armywormen_US
dc.subject.nhminvasive speciesen_US
dc.subject.nhmSpodoptera frugiperdaen_US
dc.subject.nhmTelenomus remusen_US

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