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dc.contributor.authorCooper, N
dc.contributor.authorBond, AL
dc.contributor.authorDavis, JL
dc.contributor.authorPortela Miguez, R
dc.contributor.authorTomsett, L
dc.contributor.authorHelgen, Kristofer
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-28T15:41:15Z
dc.date.available2019-10-28T15:41:15Z
dc.date.issued2019-10-23
dc.date.submitted2019-10-25
dc.identifier.citationCooper Natalie, Bond Alexander L., Davis Joshua L., Portela Miguez Roberto, Tomsett Louise and Helgen Kristofer M. Sex biases in bird and mammal natural history collections286Proc. R. Soc. B http://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2019.2025en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1098/rspb.2019.2025
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10141/622584
dc.description.abstractNatural history specimens are widely used across ecology, evolutionary biology and conservation. Although biological sex may influence all of these areas, it is often overlooked in large-scale studies using museum specimens. If collections are biased towards one sex, studies may not be representative of the species. Here, we investigate sex ratios in over two million bird and mammal specimen records from five large international museums. We found a slight bias towards males in birds (40% females) and mammals (48% females), but this varied among orders. The proportion of female specimens has not significantly changed in 130 years, but has decreased in species with showy male traits like colourful plumage and horns. Body size had little effect. Male bias was strongest in name-bearing types; only 27% of bird and 39% of mammal types were female. These results imply that previous studies may be impacted by undetected male bias, and vigilance is required when using specimen data, collecting new specimens and designating types.en_US
dc.publisherRoyal Societyen_US
dc.rightsclosedAccessen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectbirds; mammals; museum specimens; natural history collections; sex biasen_US
dc.titleSex biases in bird and mammal natural history collections.en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn1471-2954
dc.identifier.journalProc Biol Scien_US
dc.conference.locationEnglanden_US
dc.identifier.volume286en_US
dc.identifier.issue1913en_US
dc.identifier.startpage20192025 - ?en_US
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Research
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Research/LS Research
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences/Vertebrates
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences/Vertebrates/Vertebrates - Research
dc.embargoNot knownen_US
elements.import.authorCooper, Nen_US
elements.import.authorBond, ALen_US
elements.import.authorDavis, JLen_US
elements.import.authorPortela Miguez, Ren_US
elements.import.authorTomsett, Len_US
elements.import.authorHelgen, KMen_US
dc.description.nhmCopyright and usage: © 2019 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved The attached file is the final approved manuscript (Author Generated Postprint), you are advised to consult the publisher’s version if you wish to cite from it.en_US
dc.subject.nhmmammalsen_US
dc.subject.nhmnatural history collectionsen_US
dc.subject.nhmmuseum specimensen_US
dc.subject.nhmbirdsen_US
dc.subject.nhmsex biasen_US
refterms.dateFOA2019-10-28T15:41:16Z


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