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dc.contributor.authorKehlmaier, C
dc.contributor.authorGraciá, E
dc.contributor.authorCampbell, P
dc.contributor.authorHofmeyr, MD
dc.contributor.authorSCHWEIGER, S
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Silvestre, A
dc.contributor.authorJoyce, W
dc.contributor.authorFritz, U
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-27T09:46:42Z
dc.date.available2019-11-27T09:46:42Z
dc.date.issued2019-11-25
dc.date.submitted2019-11-26
dc.identifier.citationKehlmaier, C., Graciá, E., Campbell, P.D. et al. Ancient mitogenomics clarifies radiation of extinct Mascarene giant tortoises (Cylindraspis spp.). Sci Rep 9, 17487 (2019) doi:10.1038/s41598-019-54019-yen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-019-54019-y
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10141/622591
dc.description.abstractThe five extinct giant tortoises of the genus Cylindraspis belong to the most iconic species of the enigmatic fauna of the Mascarene Islands that went largely extinct after the discovery of the islands. To resolve the phylogeny and biogeography of Cylindraspis, we analysed a data set of 45 mitogenomes that includes all lineages of extant tortoises and eight near-complete sequences of all Mascarene species extracted from historic and subfossil material. Cylindraspis is an ancient lineage that diverged as early as the late Eocene. Diversification of Cylindraspis commenced in the mid-Oligocene, long before the formation of the Mascarene Islands. This rejects any notion suggesting that the group either arrived from nearby or distant continents over the course of the last millions of years or had even been translocated to the islands by humans. Instead, Cylindraspis likely originated on now submerged islands of the Réunion Hotspot and utilized these to island hop to reach the Mascarenes. The final diversification took place both before and after the arrival on the Mascarenes. With Cylindraspis a deeply divergent clade of tortoises became extinct that evolved long before the dodo or the Rodrigues solitaire, two other charismatic species of the lost Mascarene fauna.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLCen_US
dc.rightsopenAccessen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleAncient mitogenomics clarifies radiation of extinct Mascarene giant tortoises (Cylindraspis spp.)en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn2045-2322
dc.identifier.journalScientific Reportsen_US
dc.identifier.volume9en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Collections
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Collections/LS Collections
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences/Vertebrates
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences/Vertebrates/Vertebrates – Collections
dc.embargoNot knownen_US
elements.import.authorKehlmaier, Cen_US
elements.import.authorGraciá, Een_US
elements.import.authorCampbell, PDen_US
elements.import.authorHofmeyr, MDen_US
elements.import.authorSchweiger, Sen_US
elements.import.authorMartínez-Silvestre, Aen_US
elements.import.authorJoyce, Wen_US
elements.import.authorFritz, Uen_US
dc.description.nhmOpen Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.en_US
dc.subject.nhmHerpetologyen_US
dc.subject.nhmPalaeontologyen_US
dc.subject.nhmPhylogeneticsen_US
refterms.dateFOA2019-11-27T09:46:42Z


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