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dc.contributor.authorRabone, M
dc.contributor.authorHarden-Davies, H
dc.contributor.authorCollins, JE
dc.contributor.authorZajderman, S
dc.contributor.authorAppeltans, W
dc.contributor.authorDroege, G
dc.contributor.authorBrandt, A
dc.contributor.authorPardo-Lopez, L
dc.contributor.authorDahlgren, TG
dc.contributor.authorGlover, AG
dc.contributor.authorHorton, T
dc.identifier.citationRabone M, Harden-Davies H, Collins JE, Zajderman S, Appeltans W, Droege G, Brandt A, Pardo-Lopez L, Dahlgren TG, Glover AG and Horton T (2019) Access to Marine Genetic Resources (MGR): Raising Awareness of Best-Practice Through a New Agreement for Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ). Front. Mar. Sci. 6:520en_US
dc.description.abstractBetter scientific knowledge of the poorly-known deep sea and areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) is key to its conservation, an urgent need in light of increasing environmental pressures. Access to marine genetic resources (MGR) for the biodiversity research community is essential to allow these environments to be better characterised. Negotiations have commenced under the auspices of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) to develop a new treaty to further the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity in ABNJ. It is timely to consider the relevant issues with the development of the treaty underway. Currently uncertainties surround the legal definition of MGR and scope of related benefit-sharing, against a background of regional and global governance gaps in ABNJ. These complications are mirrored in science, with recent major advances in the field of genomics, but variability in handling of the resulting increasing volumes of data. Here, we attempt to define the concept of MGR from a scientific perspective, review current practices for the generation of and access to MGR from ABNJ in the context of relevant regulations, and illustrate the utility of best-practice with a case study. We contribute recommendations with a view to strengthen best-practice in accessibility of MGR, including: funder recognition of the central importance of taxonomy/biodiversity research; support of museums/collections for long-term sample curation; open access to data; usage and further development of globally recognised data standards and platforms; publishing of datasets via open-access, quality controlled and standardised data systems and open access journals; commitment to best-practice workflows; a global registry of cruises; and lastly development of a clearing house to further centralised access to the above. We argue that commitment to best-practice would allow greater sharing of MGR for research and extensive secondary use including conservation and environmental monitoring, and provide an exemplar for access and benefit-sharing (ABS) to inform the biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ) process.en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SAen_US
dc.titleAccess to Marine Genetic Resources (MGR): Raising Awareness of Best-Practice Through a New Agreement for Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ)en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Marine Scienceen_US
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Facilities Support
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences/Parasites and Vectors
dc.embargoNot knownen_US
elements.import.authorRabone, Men_US
elements.import.authorHarden-Davies, Hen_US
elements.import.authorCollins, JEen_US
elements.import.authorZajderman, Sen_US
elements.import.authorAppeltans, Wen_US
elements.import.authorDroege, Gen_US
elements.import.authorBrandt, Aen_US
elements.import.authorPardo-Lopez, Len_US
elements.import.authorDahlgren, TGen_US
elements.import.authorGlover, AGen_US
elements.import.authorHorton, Ten_US
dc.description.nhmCopyright © 2019 Rabone, Harden-Davies, Collins, Zajderman, Appeltans, Droege, Brandt, Pardo-Lopez, Dahlgren, Glover and Horton. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en_US
dc.description.nhmNHM Repository
dc.subject.nhmmarine genetic resources (MGR)en_US
dc.subject.nhmdata standardsen_US
dc.subject.nhmopen accessen_US
dc.subject.nhmaccess and benefit-sharing (ABS)en_US
dc.subject.nhmareas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ)en_US

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