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dc.contributor.authorLevin, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorWEI, CHIH-LIN
dc.contributor.authorDunn, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorAmon, Diva
dc.contributor.authorAshford, Oliver
dc.contributor.authorCheung, William
dc.contributor.authorColaco, Ana
dc.contributor.authorDominguez-Carrió, Carlos
dc.contributor.authorEscobar Briones, Elva
dc.contributor.authorHarden‐Davies, HR
dc.contributor.authorDrazen, Jeffrey
dc.contributor.authorIsmail, Khaira
dc.contributor.authorJones, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, DE
dc.contributor.authorLe, Jennifer
dc.contributor.authorLejzerowicz, Franck
dc.contributor.authorMitarai, Satoshi
dc.contributor.authorMorato, Telmo
dc.contributor.authorMulsow, S
dc.contributor.authorSnelgrove, Paul
dc.contributor.authorSweetman, AK
dc.contributor.authorYasuhara, M
dc.identifier.citationLevin, LA, Wei, C-L, Dunn, DC, et al. Climate change considerations are fundamental to management of deep-sea resource extraction. Glob Change Biol. 2020; 26: 4664– 4678.en_US
dc.description.abstractClimate change manifestation in the ocean, through warming, oxygen loss, increasing acidification, and changing particulate organic carbon flux (one metric of altered food supply), is projected to affect most deep‐ocean ecosystems concomitantly with increasing direct human disturbance. Climate drivers will alter deep‐sea biodiversity and associated ecosystem services, and may interact with disturbance from resource extraction activities or even climate geoengineering. We suggest that to ensure the effective management of increasing use of the deep ocean (e.g., for bottom fishing, oil and gas extraction, and deep‐seabed mining), environmental management and developing regulations must consider climate change. Strategic planning, impact assessment and monitoring, spatial management, application of the precautionary approach, and full‐cost accounting of extraction activities should embrace climate consciousness. Coupled climate and biological modeling approaches applied in the water and on the seafloor can help accomplish this goal. For example, Earth‐System Model projections of climate‐change parameters at the seafloor reveal heterogeneity in projected climate hazard and time of emergence (beyond natural variability) in regions targeted for deep‐seabed mining. Models that combine climate‐induced changes in ocean circulation with particle tracking predict altered transport of early life stages (larvae) under climate change. Habitat suitability models can help assess the consequences of altered larval dispersal, predict climate refugia, and identify vulnerable regions for multiple species under climate change. Engaging the deep observing community can support the necessary data provisioning to mainstream climate into the development of environmental management plans. To illustrate this approach, we focus on deep‐seabed mining and the International Seabed Authority, whose mandates include regulation of all mineral‐related activities in international waters and protecting the marine environment from the harmful effects of mining. However, achieving deep‐ocean sustainability under the UN Sustainable Development Goals will require integration of climate consideration across all policy sectors.en_US
dc.titleClimate change considerations are fundamental to management of deep‐sea resource extractionen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.identifier.journalGlobal Change Biologyen_US
dc.identifier.startpage4664 - 4678en_US
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Functional groups/Other Support
pubs.organisational-group/Natural History Museum/Science Group/Life Sciences
dc.embargoNot knownen_US
elements.import.authorLevin, LAen_US
elements.import.authorWei, Cen_US
elements.import.authorDunn, DCen_US
elements.import.authorAmon, DJen_US
elements.import.authorAshford, OSen_US
elements.import.authorCheung, WWLen_US
elements.import.authorColaço, Aen_US
elements.import.authorDominguez‐Carrió, Cen_US
elements.import.authorEscobar, EGen_US
elements.import.authorHarden‐Davies, HRen_US
elements.import.authorDrazen, JCen_US
elements.import.authorIsmail, Ken_US
elements.import.authorJones, DOBen_US
elements.import.authorJohnson, DEen_US
elements.import.authorLe, JTen_US
elements.import.authorLejzerowicz, Fen_US
elements.import.authorMitarai, Sen_US
elements.import.authorMorato, Ten_US
elements.import.authorMulsow, Sen_US
elements.import.authorSnelgrove, PVRen_US
elements.import.authorSweetman, AKen_US
elements.import.authorYasuhara, Men_US
dc.description.nhmThis is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. © 2020 The Authors. Global Change Biology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltden_US
dc.description.nhmNHM Repository
dc.subject.nhmbiodiversity maintenanceen_US
dc.subject.nhmbottom fishingen_US
dc.subject.nhmclimate projectionsen_US
dc.subject.nhmdeep oceanen_US
dc.subject.nhmdeep-seabed miningen_US
dc.subject.nhmenvironmental managementen_US
dc.subject.nhmhabitat suitability modelingen_US
dc.subject.nhmlarval connectivity modelingen_US

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