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dc.contributor.authorPaton, Alan
dc.contributor.authorAntonelli, Alexandre
dc.contributor.authorCarine, Mark
dc.contributor.authorForzza, Rafaela Campostrini
dc.contributor.authorDavies, Nina
dc.contributor.authorDemissew, Sebsebe
dc.contributor.authorDröge, Gabriele
dc.contributor.authorFulcher, Tim
dc.contributor.authorGrall, Aurelie
dc.contributor.authorHolstein, Norbert
dc.contributor.authorJones, Meirion
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Udayangani
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Joe
dc.contributor.authorMoat, Justin
dc.contributor.authorNicolson, Nicky
dc.contributor.authorRyan, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorSharrock, Suzanne
dc.contributor.authorSmith, David
dc.contributor.authorThiers, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorVictor, Janine
dc.contributor.authorWilkinson, Tim
dc.contributor.authorDickie, John
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-05T15:32:32Z
dc.date.available2021-11-05T15:32:32Z
dc.date.issued2020-09-29
dc.date.submitted2020-09
dc.identifier.citationPaton, A, Antonelli, A, Carine, M, et al. Plant and fungal collections: Current status, future perspectives. Plants, People, Planet. 2020; 2: 499– 514. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppp3.10141en_US
dc.identifier.issn2572-2611
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/ppp3.10141
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10141/622937
dc.description.abstractSocietal Impact Statement Plant and fungal specimens provide the auditable evidence that a particular organism occurred at a particular place, and at a particular point in time, verifying past occurrence and distribution. They also document the aspects of human exploration and culture. Collectively specimens form a global asset with significant potential for new uses to help address societal and environmental challenges. Collections also serve as a platform to engage and educate a broad range of stakeholders from the academic to the public, strengthening engagement and understanding of plant and fungal diversity—the basis of life on Earth. Summary We provide a global review of the current state of plant and fungal collections including herbaria and fungaria, botanic gardens, fungal culture collections, and biobanks. The review focuses on the numbers of collections, major taxonomic group and species level coverage, geographical representation and the extent to which the data from collections are digitally accessible. We identify the major gaps in these collections and in digital data. We also consider what collection types need to be further developed to support research, such as environmental DNA and cryopreservation of desiccation-sensitive seeds. Around 31% of vascular plant species are represented in botanic gardens, and 17% of known fungal species are held in culture collections, both these living collections showing a bias toward northern temperate taxa. Only 21% of preserved collections are available via the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) with Asia, central and north Africa and Amazonia being relatively under-represented. Supporting long-term collection facilities in biodiverse areas should be considered by governmental and international aid agencies, in addition to short-term project funding. Institutions should consider how best to speed up digitization of collections and to disseminate all data via aggregators such as GBIF, which will greatly facilitate use, research, and community curation to improve quality. There needs to be greater alignment between biodiversity informatics initiatives and standards to allow more comprehensive analysis of collections data and to facilitate linkage of extended information, facilitating broader use. Much can be achieved with greater coordination through existing initiatives and strengthening relationships with users.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherWileyen_US
dc.rightsopenAccessen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.titlePlant and fungal collections: Current status, future perspectivesen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn2572-2611
dc.identifier.journalPLANTS, PEOPLE, PLANETen_US
dc.date.updated2021-11-05T11:05:49Z
dc.identifier.volume2en_US
dc.identifier.issue5en_US
dc.identifier.startpage499en_US
elements.import.authorPaton, Alan
elements.import.authorAntonelli, Alexandre
elements.import.authorCarine, Mark
elements.import.authorForzza, Rafaela Campostrini
elements.import.authorDavies, Nina
elements.import.authorDemissew, Sebsebe
elements.import.authorDröge, Gabriele
elements.import.authorFulcher, Tim
elements.import.authorGrall, Aurelie
elements.import.authorHolstein, Norbert
elements.import.authorJones, Meirion
elements.import.authorLiu, Udayangani
elements.import.authorMiller, Joe
elements.import.authorMoat, Justin
elements.import.authorNicolson, Nicky
elements.import.authorRyan, Matthew
elements.import.authorSharrock, Suzanne
elements.import.authorSmith, David
elements.import.authorThiers, Barbara
elements.import.authorVictor, Janine
elements.import.authorWilkinson, Tim
elements.import.authorDickie, John
dc.description.nhmThis is an open access article, available to all readers online, published under a creative commons licensing (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).en_US
dc.subject.nhmbotanical gardenen_US
dc.subject.nhmculture collectionen_US
dc.subject.nhmDNA and tissue banken_US
dc.subject.nhmfungariumen_US
dc.subject.nhmGBIFen_US
dc.subject.nhmherbariumen_US
dc.subject.nhmseed banken_US
dc.subject.nhmspecimenen_US


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