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dc.contributor.authorDe Palma, A
dc.contributor.authorHoskins, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorGonzalez, Ricardo E
dc.contributor.authorBörger, Luca
dc.contributor.authorNewbold, Tim
dc.contributor.authorSanchez-Ortiz, Katia
dc.contributor.authorFerrier, Simon
dc.contributor.authorPurvis, A
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-05T15:48:08Z
dc.date.available2021-11-05T15:48:08Z
dc.date.issued2021-10-12
dc.date.submitted2020-12
dc.identifier.citationDe Palma, A., Hoskins, A., Gonzalez, R.E. et al. Annual changes in the Biodiversity Intactness Index in tropical and subtropical forest biomes, 2001–2012. Sci Rep 11, 20249 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-98811-1en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-021-98811-1
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10141/622938
dc.description.abstractFew biodiversity indicators are available that reflect the state of broad-sense biodiversity—rather than of particular taxa—at fine spatial and temporal resolution. One such indicator, the Biodiversity Intactness Index (BII), estimates how the average abundance of the native terrestrial species in a region compares with their abundances in the absence of pronounced human impacts. We produced annual maps of modelled BII at 30-arc-second resolution (roughly 1 km at the equator) across tropical and subtropical forested biomes, by combining annual data on land use, human population density and road networks, and statistical models of how these variables affect overall abundance and compositional similarity of plants, fungi, invertebrates and vertebrates. Across tropical and subtropical biomes, BII fell by an average of 1.9 percentage points between 2001 and 2012, with 81 countries seeing an average reduction and 43 an average increase; the extent of primary forest fell by 3.9% over the same period. We did not find strong relationships between changes in BII and countries’ rates of economic growth over the same period; however, limitations in mapping BII in plantation forests may hinder our ability to identify these relationships. This is the first time temporal change in BII has been estimated across such a large region.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLCen_US
dc.rightsopenAccessen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.titleAnnual changes in the Biodiversity Intactness Index in tropical and subtropical forest biomes, 2001–2012en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn2045-2322
dc.identifier.journalScientific Reportsen_US
dc.date.updated2021-11-02T15:27:24Z
dc.identifier.volume11en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US
dc.identifier.startpage20249-en_US
elements.import.authorDe Palma, Adriana
elements.import.authorHoskins, Andrew
elements.import.authorGonzalez, Ricardo E
elements.import.authorBörger, Luca
elements.import.authorNewbold, Tim
elements.import.authorSanchez-Ortiz, Katia
elements.import.authorFerrier, Simon
elements.import.authorPurvis, Andy
dc.description.nhmCopyright: © 2021 The Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are crediteden_US
dc.description.nhmNHM Repository
dc.subject.nhmbiodiversityen_US
dc.subject.nhmecological modellingen_US


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