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dc.contributor.authorHarris, Richard J
dc.contributor.authorJenner, Ronald
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-17T14:32:26Z
dc.date.available2022-06-17T14:32:26Z
dc.date.issued2019-01-22
dc.date.submitted2018-12-14
dc.identifier.citationHarris, R.J.; Jenner, R.A. Evolutionary Ecology of Fish Venom: Adaptations and Consequences of Evolving a Venom System. Toxins 2019, 11, 60. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins11020060en_US
dc.identifier.issn2072-6651
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/toxins11020060
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10141/622984
dc.description.abstractResearch on venomous animals has mainly focused on the molecular, biochemical, and pharmacological aspects of venom toxins. However, it is the relatively neglected broader study of evolutionary ecology that is crucial for understanding the biological relevance of venom systems. As fish have convergently evolved venom systems multiple times, it makes them ideal organisms to investigate the evolutionary ecology of venom on a broader scale. This review outlines what is known about how fish venom systems evolved as a result of natural enemy interactions and about the ecological consequences of evolving a venom system. This review will show how research on the evolutionary ecology of venom in fish can aid in understanding the evolutionary ecology of animal venoms more generally. Further, understanding these broad ecological questions can shed more light on the other areas of toxinology, with applications across multiple disciplinary fields.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPI AGen_US
dc.rightsopenAccessen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleEvolutionary Ecology of Fish Venom: Adaptations and Consequences of Evolving a Venom Systemen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.identifier.eissn2072-6651
dc.identifier.journalToxinsen_US
dc.date.updated2022-06-15T12:38:42Z
dc.identifier.volume11en_US
dc.identifier.issue2en_US
dc.identifier.startpage60-60en_US
elements.import.authorHarris, Richard J
elements.import.authorJenner, Ronald A
dc.description.nhmThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly citeden_US
dc.description.nhmNHM Repository
dc.subject.nhmevolutionen_US
dc.subject.nhmecologyen_US
dc.subject.nhmfishen_US
dc.subject.nhmvenomen_US
dc.subject.nhmevolutionary ecologyen_US
dc.subject.nhmcoevolutionen_US
dc.subject.nhmnatural enemy interactionsen_US
dc.subject.nhmecological nicheen_US
dc.subject.nhmaposematismen_US
dc.subject.nhmmimicryen_US


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